Agenda item

Unaccompanied Asylum Seekers: Annual Update Report


The Service Manager – Children Looked After introduced the report and stated that Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Children (UASC) often arrived in the UK after long and dangerous journeys, and it was the job of the receiving local authority to assess their needs and provide them with appropriate care and accommodation. He explained that UASC were received through various means, such as in the backs of lorries in Thurrock’s services and in small boats in Kent. He stated that every local authority in the UK was set a quota for the numbers of UASC they were required to take and provide care for, and this quota was set against the child population. He explained that previously the quota had been 0.07% of the child population, but this had recently increased to 0.1%. He clarified that for Thurrock this was an increase from 31 UASC to 45 UASC, which increased the number of placements required; the caseload for social workers; and the caseload for the aftercare team, as many UASC were aged between 16-18 and were approaching adulthood.

The Service Manager – Children Looked After explained that due to Thurrock’s transport links, the borough often received more than its UASC quota and was able to move children to other local authority areas under the National Transfer Scheme. He explained that this was slowly changing, and Thurrock were becoming a ‘receiver authority’ due to the number of children arriving in Kent. He stated that UASC were often at risk of harm due to trafficking and exploitation as organised immigration gangs transported UASC to the UK for a fee and could then further exploit them once they had arrived. The Service Manager – Children Looked After explained that the team used their initial contact with UASC to build trust and a relationship with the professionals who were going to look after them. He stated that all UASC received a direct visit within 24 hours and were assessed for their levels of vulnerability. He stated that school-aged UASC were offered online education as soon as possible to ensure they were learning before they were enrolled in local schools, as this reduced the risk of them going missing. He added that the team had been successful as officers had run a training event for Ofsted, and the Thurrock model was now being taught as best practice by Ofsted inspectors.

The Service Manger – Children Looked After added that the team utilised multi-agency safeguarding practices to share information regularly with the police, border force, and relevant social workers, as this could help all agencies understand where UASC were coming from and how they could be best helped. The Service Manager – Children Looked After outlined the data within the report and highlighted that from April to November 2022, 14 new UASC children had arrived in Thurrock, which brought the total population up to 34 UASC. He explained that under the previous quota, the limit for UASC in Thurrock had been 31, and this had already been surpassed with the new quota rules. He stated that he had checked the figures, and today there were currently 37 UASC in Thurrock. The Service Manager – Children Looked After clarified that from April to October 2022 there had been 11 missing UASC episodes, but these had been from 3 UASC who had gone missing multiple times. He stated that the Council did not currently have any long-term missing UASC, but strategy meetings were regularly held to ensure this did not happen, and if it did the likely places the missing UASC could be found. He mentioned that all local lines of enquiry were exhausted before a UASC was classed as long-term missing, but the team met border force officers every six weeks to discuss these cases, and some success had previously been seen finding long-term missing UASC. He added that all UASC were offered return to home interviews after a missing episode, and of the three UASC who had gone missing from April this year, two had accepted this offer and one had rejected.

The Service Manager – Children Looked After explained that the team received a budget to support UASC, as well as a grant from government of £143 per person, per night to support their accommodation costs. He added that the average cost of housing a UASC was approximately £800 to £1000 per week. He added that in November 2022 the aftercare team looked after 251 people, of which 95 were former UASC. He summarised and stated that UASC were often at great risk of harm and exploitation, particularly those with missing episodes, and the team worked hard to ensure that all UASC received appropriate support and worked to reduce missing episodes.

The Chair thanked officers for the report and asked about the mixture of genders of UASCs, and which UASCs were received from. The Service Manager – Children Looked After explained that the overwhelming majority of UASC were male, and they came from various parts of the world. He added that the Council had recently received several UASC from Sudan, Eritrea, and Albania. The Chair asked why these UASC chose to come to the UK, rather than other European countries. The Service Manager – Children Looked After explained that the UASC undertook perilous and dangerous journeys when leaving their countries of origin, and often things happened to them which were beyond their control. He explained that organised immigration gangs often promised great things to the parents of UASC which did not occur, and the UASC did not have a choice in which country they were taken too. He added that UASC were received across Europe. The Service Manager – Children Looked After stated that social workers had a conversation with all UASC to understand the trauma they had gone through on their journeys, and help them to understand that they were now safe with professionals. He summarised and stated that unscrupulous people trafficked UASC, who often did not know what was happening to them and were too afraid to ask or speak up for themselves. Councillor Chukwu asked how the team helped UASC deal with their traumas. The Service Manager – Looked After Children replied that the team helped them to settle into safe places, establish routines, build communities and relationships, and this often helped with the impact of their trauma. He added that the team also had access to specialist resources such as counsellors who were trained in UASC, and would help them to settle in and give them a stable base. Councillor Chukwu asked if UASC were encouraged to share their stories with social workers to help alleviate their trauma. The Service Manger – Children Looked After responded that they were encouraged to share their stories, for example some UASC were persecuted in their home countries because of their religious beliefs or sexuality, and others were persecuted by local militia and had seen family members killed. He added that often UASC parents sent their children from their home countries, as travelling to the UK or Europe was safer than them remaining in their home countries, even though the journey itself was dangerous. He stated that for a young person to make such a journey, there had to be a significant motivation in their home countries.

Councillor Abbas congratulated the team on becoming a best practice model for Ofsted. He asked what happened to a UASC when they reached 18, or had their asylum refused. The Service Manager – Children Looked After explained that once a UASC turned 18 they were moved to the aftercare team who ensured they had appropriate housing, and employment or education. He stated that the team worked with the Home Office on a UASC asylum claim and helped advocate for the child. He stated that if their claim was accepted that the team would help them with long term housing and other issues, and a personal adviser was allocated. He added that if their asylum claim was rejected, a human rights assessment would be carried out, and this would consider the impact of the withdrawal of support, as the UASC no longer had access to public funds but the team still had to meet their basic human rights such as having a place to live. He stated that the team would also work with the UASC and the Home Office on a voluntary return, but pathway planning was in place with every UASC to discuss the eventuality of an accepted asylum claim; a rejected asylum claim; and what would happen whilst they were waiting. Councillor Abbas agreed with the Service Manager – Children Looked After that these were vulnerable children, and asked why the local authorities had to spend money on their care, rather than the Home Office. The Service Manager – Children Looked After replied that the local authority had a duty as Corporate Parents, but the Home Office did have a role to play. He stated that the distinction of duties was outlined within the relevant legislation. Councillor Abbas queried why there was an overspend in the team if a grant was received for UASC housing from central government. The Strategic Lead – Children Looked After replied that the grant covered placement costs, such as foster care or supported accommodation, but did not cover other costs such as social workers or the aftercare team. Councillor Ralph questioned if the team had enough resources and staff to handle the increased UASC quota. He also asked if UASC were receiving their initial health assessments on time. The Strategic Lead – Children Looked After replied that the number of children under the care of the local authority would have an impact on resources, but the quota had been increased nationally. He explained that that no new foster placements had been granted after the quota increase, but the team monitored the workload of social workers closely. He added that overall the level of looked after children within Thurrock remained stable, due to a decrease in the number of local looked after children. He added that UASC initial health assessments were also affected by the capacity issues within the system, but this depended on where the child was placed.

Councillor Chukwu questioned how long it took the Home Office to determine a UASC asylum case. The Service Manager –Children Looked After replied that it was dependent on the case, and had been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. He added that the team had a specific link person within the Home Office, and they regularly tracked and worked to ensure cases were progressing. Councillor Chukwu queried how the team were coping with accommodating UASC following the increase in the quota level. The Service Manager – Children Looked After explained that placements of UASC remained a national issue, but the placement team worked with a variety of foster care providers and semi-supported accommodation units to ensure all UASC received appropriate housing. He stated that there were no issues currently within Thurrock regarding finding placements, but this could change in future due to the increased quota levels. Councillor Chukwu asked if the team had encountered any issues with the community being hostile to UASC placed in their areas. The Strategic Lead – Children Looked After replied that this had not been an issue so far as the team considered an area before offering contracts to placement providers. He added that the team also worked to match up UASC, so they were placed together in a safe area. He understood that UASC may face racism and other issues, but the team remained vigilant and were careful where children were placed. The Thurrock CSP added that this issue had been brought to her attention once in five years, and this had been dealt with swiftly. She explained that the team had recently asked to place a UASC in this area again, and detailed discussions had been undertaken with the police and CSP before a decision was made. She added that the team were trained to spot the signs of racism and knew how to report it. Councillor Chukwu asked if the team had had any problems with community integration for UASC. The Service Manager – Children Looked After replied that this varied for different communities and different children. He stated that the team made culturally appropriate links between the UASC, who were often placed alongside another UASC with similar backgrounds, or shared a first language. He stated that some UASC struggled to fit in and settle, and these children were supported closely by social workers and enrolled in programmes such as English as Second or Other Language.

Councillor Ralph offered Member support to officers and partners, and assured officers that Member assistance was available if required. He thanked officers for their hard work, particularly regarding the training given to Ofsted.

RESOLVED: That the Committee:

1. Were advised of the potential harms faced in relation to Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Children (UASC) presenting to Thurrock and the work done to safeguard them.

2. Were aware that Corporate Parenting responsibilities extend to UASC.

The Service Manager –Children Looked After and Strategic Lead – Children Looked After left the meeting at 8.07pm.

Supporting documents: